Submission Guidelines

Prior to Submission

All submissions to Solidarity should include a cover letter to the editors, specifying the nature of the article and why Solidarity is the most appropriate place for publication. Authors should consult the Aims and Scope of the journal in writing this cover letter.

Initial Submission

All submissions – solicited or unsolicited – should be uploaded through the Journal’s online publishing platform. The initial manuscript should be provided ready for blind peer review, that is, fully de-identified: do not include the author/s name, ensure any reference to previous work by the author/s is cited as “author/s” where relevant, and remove author/s details from the document properties.

All submissions must adhere to the Journal’s formatting guidelines and follow Chicago referencing style. Before submission, please read the full version of the submission guidelines and referencing style guide available for download here. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the manuscript is correctly formatted.

Preparing for Publication

When a paper has been conditionally accepted, or unconditionally accepted for publication, it must be supplied in a limited range of formats, namely .doc, .docx, or .rtf. The content must conform to the guidelines below. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the manuscript is correctly formatted, and no manuscript will be published that does not follow the Journal’s formatting and referencing guidelines.

Layout Style

The following general pattern must be followed in production of a final version for the Editors:

  • Title
  • Author's Name
  • Abstract
  • Main Text
  • Institutional Affiliation
  • References


Articles should normally not exceed 6,000 words, exclusive of footnotes. Shorter articles are welcome.


An abstract of 100 words (minimum) and 300 words (maximum) must be included in the submission immediately preceding the text of the article. It must summarise rather than re-state sections of the main text.


Margins 2.5cm margins all around (top, bottom, left & right)
Paper A4
Justification Left and disable hyphenisation
Spacing Double line spacing
Spelling The Oxford English Dictionary's version of UK usage is the Journal's normal standard for spelling. Quotations should follow the spelling of the quoted source.
Paragraphs Do not leave lines between paragraphs. Instead, indent the first line of each paragraph with one tab space.
Quotations Quotes of 40 words or more should be separated from the paragraph with one line space at the top and bottom, and indented from the left margin. No quotation marks should be used for indented quotes.
  Quotes of less than 40 words should be framed by single quotation marks and kept within the paragraph text. Double marks are to be used for enclosing quotations within quotations. Closing punctuation should be shown outside the quotation marks unless it belongs to the quoted text.
  Italics should not be used on quotations, except where the original quotation was already in italics.
Dates Dates in the text and in the notes should be written in full: 3 September 1939
Numbers Numbers should be written in full to ten, and should have no comma to 9999 but then should be 10,000 and so on.
Abbreviations Abbreviated forms such as USA should not use full stops between individual letters.
Font Main text—12 pt. Please use Times New Roman or the closest comparable font available in size 12.
  Footnotes—10 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available.
  Underlining is used only for website URLs.