This paper argues that aboriginal rights in Canada have been greatly affected by 19 th century governmental and social conflicts within the Canadian colonial state. These conflicts, largely over the ownership of land and regulatory authority between the federal government and the provinces necessarily impacted the First Nations on the ground while affecting how their legal claims were recognized and implemented. In particular they impacted the legal efficacy of treaty rights, the scope of rights recognised by the courts and an expansive legally protected notion of indigenous sovereignty. As a result, the rights now protected under sec. 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act 1982 are more restricted than the text might imply.
Charlton, Guy and Gao, Xiang
"Constitutional Conflict and the Development of Canadian Aboriginal Law,"
The University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review: Vol. 19
, Article 5.
Available at: https://researchonline.nd.edu.au/undalr/vol19/iss1/5