To determine the concurrent validity of player self-reported and independently observed throwing volume. Examine whether sex, playing position, or time to upload self-reported data post training influences the accuracy of self-reported throwing loads.


Cross-sectional cohort study.


A total of 8 female and 18 male elite cricket players participated in the study. Overarm throws from 12 training sessions during the 2020–21 cricket year were observed. Player self-reported throwing volume data were retrieved post training, with the time difference between session completion and self-reported data upload recorded.


A moderate positive correlation was found between self-reported and observed throwing loads (rho = 0.65), however only 22 % of players reported values within a 10 % level of error. Players reported a mean (SD) absolute inaccuracy of 11.17 (9.77) throws, and a mean (SD) relative inaccuracy of 24.76 (16.04) percent. Sex did not influence reporting accuracy (p = 0.41). Females tended to upload self-reported data the day of training, whereas men report the day following. Players who uploaded their data greater than one day after training were the most inaccurate with a mean relative inaccuracy of 36 %.


While there is a clear relationship between observed and self-reported throwing volumes, the findings of this study question the validity of using player self-reported throwing load as a marker of true throwing loads with most players recording in excess of 10 % error. High performance staff and players should consider whether the current accuracy of self-reported throwing load justifies the additional reporting burden on the players during training.


Ball sports, Injury prevention, Load management, Load monitoring, Shoulder

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Available for download on Monday, June 24, 2024

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