Article Title

Knee-related disability was largely influenced by cognitive factors and disturbed body perception in knee osteoarthritis

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the existence of subgroups in a cohort of people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) based upon data from multiple pain-related variables and to profile identified clusters according to levels of pain intensity and knee-related disability. Three hundred and three people with knee OA were recruited. Latent profile analysis was used to confirm the optimal number of knee OA subgroups. Body mass index, radiographic knee OA severity, pain catastrophizing, pain related self-efficacy, and knee specific self-perception, were incorporated into the model. Cluster, demographic and clinical variables were compared between the resulting classes. Four distinct classes were identified. Cluster 1 (28.7%) represented early radiographic OA, and moderate pain intensity, disability and cognitive and perceptual dysfunction. Cluster 2 (18.8%) showed advanced radiographic OA, and moderate pain intensity, disability and cognitive and perceptual dysfunction. Cluster 3 (34.3%) represented various levels of radiographic OA, and the lowest pain intensity, disability and cognitive and perceptual dysfunction. Cluster 4 (18.1%) represented various levels of radiographic OA, the highest disability and cognitive and perceptual dysfunction. Considering cognitive factors and disturbed body perception may help to explain the phenomenon of the discrepancy between the knee-related disability and the severity of radiographic knee OA.

Keywords

disability, musculoskeletal system, osteoarthritis, pain, rehabilitation

Link to Publisher Version (URL)

10.1038/s41598-021-85307-1

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