Article Title

Evaluating audio-visual falls prevention messages with community-dwelling older people using a World Café forum approach

Abstract

Background: Falls risk increases sharply with older age but many older people are unaware or underestimate their risk of falling. Increased population-based efforts to influence older people’s falls prevention behavior are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to obtain a group of older people’s collective perspectives on newly developed prototypes of audio-visual (AV) falls prevention messages, and evaluate changes in their falls prevention behaviour after watching and discussing these.

Methods: A mixed-method study using a community World Café forum approach.

Results: Although the forum participants (n = 38) mostly responded positively to the three AV messages and showed a significant increase in their falls prevention capability and motivation after the forum, the participants collectively felt the AV messages needed a more inspirational call to action. The forum suggested this could be achieved by means of targeting the message and increasing the personal connection. Participants further suggested several alternatives to online falls prevention information, such as printed information in places in the community, as a means to increase opportunity to seek out falls prevention information.

Conclusions: Falls prevention promotion messages need to be carefully tailored if they are to be more motivating to older people to take action to do something about their falls risk. A wider variety of revised and tailored AV messages, as one component of a community-wide falls prevention campaign, could be considered in an effort to persuade older people to take decisive action to do something about their falls risk.

Trial registration: This study was registered prospectively: NCT03154788. Registered 11 May 2017.

Keywords

accidental falls, community-based participatory research, consumer health information, health behavior, qualitative research

Link to Publisher Version (URL)

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1344-3

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