Brain stimulation in the treatment of chronic pain: A narrative review
O'Connell, N. E., Wand, B. M., & DeSouza, L. H. (2013). Brain stimulation in the treatment of chronic pain: A narrative review. Pain and Rehabilitation, 35 (Summer), 4-11.
Electrical brain stimulation techniques have been explored as a method of treating chronic pain via the modulation of brain activity. This narrative review paper provides an outline of the history of this treatment approach, outlines some common methods of brain stimulation with a particular focus on non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques, explores the proposed mechanisms by which they might alter pain and summarises the findings of our recent Cochrane review into the efficacy of NIBS techniques for chronic pain.
electrical brain stimulation techniques, brain stimulation, chronic pain, non-invasive brain stimulation, NIBS