The script concordance test is a relatively new format of written assessment that is used to assess higher order clinical reasoning and data interpretation skills in medicine. Candidates are presented with a clinical scenario, followed by the reveal of a new piece of information. The candidates are then asked to assess whether this additional information increases or decreases the probability or likelihood of a particular diagnostic, investigative, or management decision. To score these questions, the candidate’s decision in each question is compared with that of a reference panel of expert clinicians. This review focuses on the development of quality script concordance questions, using expert panel lists to score the items and set the passing score standard, and the challenges in the practical implementation (including pitfalls to avoid) of the written assessment.


medical education, medical training, assessment

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