Prevalence and associations of domestic violence at an Australian colposcopy clinic
Quinlivan, J. A., Collier, R. R., & Petersen, R. W. (2012). Prevalence and associations of domestic violence at an Australian colposcopy clinic. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, 16(4), 372–376. doi:10.1097/LGT.0b013e3182480c2e
Objective: Domestic violence is associated with significant mortality and morbidity including gynecological morbidity. We report the prevalence and associations of domestic violence in an Australian colposcopy service.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was performed from consecutive patients attending colposcopy clinics at a major metropolitan hospital in Australia. Key outcomes were the prevalence of intimate partner violence and its key demographic associations.
Results: Consent was obtained from 574 and domestic violence status was ascertained in 566 of 581 women approached. Overall, 33% of responders reported violence within 12 months. In 14.5%, the female reported being sole recipient of violence; in a further 16.6%, violence was bidirectional, and in 1.9% of cases, a woman was the sole perpetrator. Key associations of violence were younger age at presentation (32 vs 35 y; p = .01), higher rates of smoking (51.3% vs 38.2%; p = .0004), higher rates of housing instability (32.2% vs 12.2%; p < .0001), a positive Beck Depression Inventory screen (50.0% vs 24.6%; p < .0001), and higher rates of default to initial attendance (15.5% vs 4.7%, p < .0001).
Conclusions: Domestic violence is common in women presenting to colposcopy services and may be associated with poor housing stability and higher default rates.