Predictors of the depressive symptomatology of the family caregivers of Chinese stroke patients in Hong Kong
Lau, C. G., Tang, W. K., Wong, K. S., Mok, V., & Ungvari, G. S. (2011). Predictors of the depressive symptomatology of the family caregivers of Chinese stroke patients in Hong Kong. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Early online. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01782.x
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with depressive symptoms in the family caregivers of Hong Kong Chinese stroke patients. One hundred and twenty-three patients at a stroke clinic and their family caregivers formed the study sample. The depressive symptoms of both the patients and their family caregivers were rated with the Chinese version of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Participants' socio-demographic data and clinical characteristics served as the independent variables in relation to the caregivers' GDS scores. Patients' and caregivers' somatic and psychological conditions were measured with 10 scales. In univariate analysis, caregivers' GDS scores were significantly correlated with certain of their characteristics [Modified Life Event Scale (MLES), Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) and Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS) scores, sex and being a housewife] and those of the patients (GDS score and being a housewife). Multiple regression analysis showed caregivers' MLES and CIRS scores and patients' GDS scores to be independent correlates of caregivers' GDS scores. Adverse events encountered by caregivers in the past 6 months, their current health problems and patients' depressive symptoms were found to be the principal factors associated with caregivers' depressive symptoms.