Impaired skin blood flow response to environmental heating in chronic heart failure
Green, D. J., Maiorana, A. J., Siong, J. H. J., Burke, V., Erickson, M., Minson, C. T., et al. (2006). Impaired skin blood flow response to environmental heating in chronic heart failure. European Heart Journal, 27(3), 338-343. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehi655
Aims: We examined the thermoregulatory response to heat exposure in patients with chronic heart failure.
Methods and results: Skin blood flow (SkBF) was measured in HF subjects and matched controls. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated from laser-Doppler SkBF and blood pressure. To assess the nitric oxide contribution to thermoregulatory responses, subcutaneous microdialysis membranes were placed beneath the laser-Doppler probes to infuse NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), or Ringer's solution. Core (TC) and skin temperatures (five sites, TSk) were continuously recorded. Subjects were studied during normothermia then at 38°C, 50%RH within a climate chamber. TC and TSk did not differ between HF and controls during normothermia and heating induced similar increases in both groups. During heating, CVC rose in both groups, but significantly less so in HF (HF 43.9±7.8 vs. controls 58.0±7.5% CVCmax, P<0.05). l-NAME attenuated SkBF responses in the control (58.0±7.5 vs. 34.6±5.1% CVCmax, P<0.001) and HF subjects (43.9±7.8 vs. 27.0±2.2% CVCmax, P<0.005), with a larger effect evident in the controls (P<0.05).
Conclusion: HF patients exhibit impaired thermoregulatory responses to heat exposure. Lower SkBF in HF, which defends blood pressure during heat exposure, also predisposes these subjects to heat intolerance.