MDCT evaluation of injuries after tram accidents in pedestrians
Demant, A. W., Bangard, C., Bovenschulte, H., Skouras, E., Anderson, S. E., & Lackner, K. (2010). MDCT evaluation of injuries after tram accidents in pedestrians. Emergency Radiology, 17(2), 103-108. doi:10.1007/s10140-009-0844-4
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is especially suited for emergency diagnostics in multiple trauma patients. The objectives of this study were to investigate the types and frequencies of injuries associated with tram accidents in pedestrians. Eighteen consecutive pedestrian patients with multiple traumas after tram accidents were evaluated with MDCT in our Level I Trauma Center. The mean age in our patient cohort was 36.9 years with a range from 14–92 years. There was a trend for accident events occurring more commonly during the winter months in middle-aged men, often under the influence of alcohol. Patients were divided into two groups with unilateral or complex injury patterns. In both groups, leading diagnoses were head (83.3%) and thorax injuries (66.6%). Abdominal injuries (44.4%) were less common and mainly found in the complex injuries group. The most serious injuries occurred in the complex injuries group when the victim was caught under or between tramcars. A wide range of injuries is associated with tram accidents in pedestrians, which can be classified into two main injury patterns, unilateral and complex. The life-limiting injuries in this setting involved the head with a mortality rate of 22.2% (four patients) in our cohort.
MDCT, trauma, tram accident