Bystander basic life support: an important link in the chain of survival for children suffering a drowning or near-drowning episode

Jeanette Marchant
Nicholas Cheng
Lawrence Lam, University of Notre Dame Australia
Fiona Fahy
S. Soundappan
Danny Cass
Gary Browne


Eight children suffered drowning or near-drowning in Sydney pools over an 11-day period in January 2007. Four received basic life support (BLS) within 5 minutes of immersion and survived with good functional neurological outcomes. The other four were not discovered for ≥ 5 minutes and all died. This cluster serves as a reminder that timely effective bystander BLS is crucial to survival and good clinical outcomes in near-drowning episodes.