The effectiveness of prophylaxis for measles contacts in NSW
Sheppeard, V., Forssman, B., Ferson, M. J., Moreira, C., Campbell-Lloyd, S., Dwyer, D. E., et al. (2009). The effectiveness of prophylaxis for measles contacts in NSW. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 20(6), 81-85. doi:10.1071/NB08014
Objectives: As international estimates of the effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis of measles vary, we sought to determine the effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis with either vaccine or immunoglobulin in susceptible persons with known measles contact.
Methods: Data were obtained on all cases of measles notified in NSW between 1 March and 31 May 2006 and their contacts. The effectiveness of prophylaxis was calculated using the cohort method.
Results: During March to May 2006, 57 cases of measles were notified and 1760 measles contacts were identified, of which 553 were classified as susceptible. The calculated effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis with vaccine or immunoglobulin in preventing measles was 83.3% (95% CI: 27–96%).
Conclusion: Post-exposure immunisation remains an effective tool for preventing secondary cases of measles.