Neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of Australian families with self-limited familial epilepsy of neonatal/infantile onset


Objectives: To determine: i) seizure recurrence; ii) developmental disability; iii) co-morbidities and risk factors in self-limited familial neonatal and/or infantile epilepsy (SeLFE) in a multigenerational study.

Methods: Families were retrospectively recruited from epilepsy databases (2021-2022) in 2 paediatric hospitals, Sydney, Australia. Eligible families had 2 first degree relatives with seizures and underwent genetic testing. Demographics/clinical data were collected from interviews and medical records. Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales-Third Edition measured adaptive function.

Results: Fifteen families participated. Fourteen had a genetic diagnosis (93%): 11 pathogenic; PRRT2 (n=4), KCNQ2 (n=3), SCN2A (n=4), 3 likely pathogenic; KCNQ2 (n=1), SCN8A (n=2). Seizures affected 73 individuals (ages 1-76 years); 30 children and 20 adults had in-depth phenotyping. Ten of 50 individuals (20%) had seizure recurrence, aged 8-65 years. Median time from last neonatal/infantile seizure was 11.8/12.8 years. Predictors of recurrence were high seizure number (p=0.05) and longer treatment duration (p=0.03). Seven children had global developmental delay (GDD): mild (n=4), moderate (n=1) and severe (n=2). Vineland-3 identified 3 had low-average and 3 had mild-moderately impaired functioning. The majority (82%) were average. GDD was associated with older age at last seizure (p=0.03), longer epilepsy duration (p=0.02), and higher number of anti-seizure medications (p=0.05). Four children had speech delay, 5 (10%) had Autism Spectrum Disorder. Paroxysmal kinesiogenic dyskinesia (n=5) occurred in 4 families and hemiplegic migraine (n=8) in 3 families.

Conclusions: Individuals with SeLFE have a small risk of recurrent seizures (20%) and neurodevelopmental disability. Significant predictors are higher seizure number and longer epilepsy duration. Developmental surveillance is imperative.


channelopathy, developmental delay, familial epilepsy, infantile, neonatal, seizures

Link to Publisher Version (URL)


This document is currently not available here.

Find in your library