General practitioners' attitudes and knowledge about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Insights from a survey



The Review of health services for children, young people and families within the NSW Health system identified that novel models of care were needed to improve access to clinical management for people with ADHD. The present study aimed to evaluate GPs’ knowledge of and attitudes towards ADHD and the challenges and opportunities for a more substantial role for GPs in ADHD management.


An online survey of Australian GPs was conducted, with recruitment via email invitation.


Out of 230 respondents, 213 surveys could be analysed. Of these, 97% believed ADHD was a genuine condition, with 90% identifying inattention as a primary symptom. Most (92%) had seen and diagnosed ADHD within the past year. Prevalent concerns included inadequate access to specialist assessment and treatment; 77% felt that GPs should have a more substantial role in ADHD management. Barriers included lack of time, knowledge and experience.


There was willingness amongst respondents take on a greater role in managing individuals with ADHD. However, a need for further training and education was highlighted. The Australian Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline for ADHD may resolve an identified need for clinical guidance.


general practitioners, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD in adults, Primary care, referral pathways

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