A brief review of the WHO reporting system for lung cytopathology


The International Academy of Cytology has joined with the International Agency for Research on Cancer to bring together a group of experts in lung cytopathology to develop a WHO Reporting System for Lung Cytopathology (WHO System). This System aims to improve and standardize the reporting of cytopathology, facilitate communication between cytopathologists and clinicians, and improve patient care. The WHO System describes 5 categories for reporting lung cytopathology: ‘Insufficient/Inadequate/Nondiagnostic’, ‘Benign’, ‘Atypical’, ‘Suspicious for malignancy’, and ‘Malignant’, each one with a clear descriptive term, a definition, a risk of malignancy, and a suggested management algorithm. The key diagnostic cytopathologic features of each of the lesions within each category have been established by consensus through an Expert Editorial Board, who are also the authors of this review and selected for each reporting system and chosen based on their expertise in the field and/or diversity of geographical representation. Many other co-authors from around the world also contributed. The assignment of writing and editing responsibilities used the same model as that used for the WHO Classification of Tumours (https://whobluebooks.iarc.fr/ about/faq/). The WHO System provides the best practice application of ancillary testing, including immunocytochemistry and molecular pathology, and guides in sampling and processing techniques to optimize the handling and preparation of specimens. The WHO System was created by the authors to be applicable globally and is based on cytomorphology with possibilities for additional diagnostic management of the patient. The authors are aware that local medical and pathology resources would differ, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The WHO Tumour Cl


lung cytology, IAC, WHO reporting systems for cytopathology, nomenclature, IARC, lung FNAB, EBUS-FNA

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