Article Title

Overnight joint replacement surgery: A pilot Australian study

Abstract

Background: With a stretched healthcare system and elective surgery backlog, measures to improve efficiency and decrease costs associated with surgical procedures need to be prioritized. This study compares the benefits of multi-disciplinary involvement in an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol-led overnight model following total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR).

Methods: Patients in each of two private hospitals undergoing THR or TKR were prospectively enrolled. One hospital (Overnight) was fully committed to the ERAS protocol implementation on all levels and formed the treatment group while in the other hospital (control), patients only had the anaesthetic and operative procedure as part of the ERAS protocol but did not follow the perioperative measures of the protocol. Outcomes on hospital length of stay (LOS), inpatient rehabilitation, functional outcomes, satisfaction, adverse events and readmission rates were investigated.

Results: Median LOS in the Overnight group was significantly smaller than in the control group (1 vs. 3 days, P < 0.0001). The Overnight group had lower rates of inpatient rehabilitation utilization (4% vs. 41.2%, P < 0.0001), similar improvements in functional hip and knee scores and no increased rate of adverse events or readmission. All patients in both groups were satisfied with their treatment.

Conclusion: Overnight THR and TKR can safely be performed in the majority of patients, with a multi-disciplinary approach protocol and involvement of all perioperative stakeholders.

Keywords

enhanced recovery after surgery, health care rationing, health economics, total hip replacement, total knee replacement

Link to Publisher Version (URL)

10.1111/ans.17977

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