Article Title

Prevention and reversal of frailty in heart failure - a systemic review

Abstract

Background:

Frailty is prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Hence, there has been increased interest in the reversibility of frailty following treatment with medication or surgery. This systematic review aimed to assess the reversibility of frailty in patients with HF before and after surgical interventions aimed at treating the underlying cause of HF. It also aimed to assess the efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation and prehabilitation in reversing or preventing frailty in patients with HF.

Methods and Results:

Searches of PubMed, MEDLINE and Academic Search Ultimate identified studies with HF patients undergoing interventions to reverse frailty. Titles, abstracts and full texts were screened for eligibility based on the PRISMA guidelines and using predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria in relation to participants, intervention, control, outcome and study design. In total, 14 studies were included: 3 assessed the effect of surgery, 7 assessed the effect of rehabilitation programs, 2 assessed the effect of a prehabilitation program and 2 assessed the effect of program interruptions on HF patients.

Conclusions:

Overall, it was found that frailty is at least partially reversible and potentially preventable in patients with HF. Interruption of rehabilitation programs resulted in deterioration of the frailty status. Future research should focus on the role of prehabilitation in mitigating frailty prior to surgical intervention.

Keywords

Heat failure, Frailty, Prehabilitation, Rehabilitation

Link to Publisher Version (URL)

10.1253/circj.CJ-21-0819

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