Article Title

Similar stress repartition for a standard uncemented collared femoral stem versus a shortened collared femoral stem

Abstract

Introduction: The design of uncemented femoral stems for use in total hip arthroplasty has evolved. Several uncemented short stems have been developed with different bone fixations, shapes, or stem lengths. The literature analyzing the biomechanical performance of short to standard stem lengths is limited. The aim was to compare the stress repartition on a standard uncemented stem and a shortened uncemented femoral stem with the same design features.

Material and methods: This finite element analysis assessed the stress repartition on two femoral components with the same design (uncemented, collared, proximal trapezoidal cross-section, and a tapered quadrangular distal stem) but with two different lengths. The shortened stem was shorter by 40 mm compared to the standard stem. The stress repartition was analysed according to the Von Mises criterion.

Results: The stress repartition was similar for the standard and shorter stem without significant difference (p = 0.94). The mean Von Mises stress was 58.1 MPa [0.2; 154.1] for the standard stem and 57.2 MPa [0.03; 160.2] for the short stem. The distal part of the standard stem, which was removed in the short stem, had mean stress of 3.7 MPa [0.2; 7.0].

Conclusion: The finite element analysis found similar stress repartitions between a standard uncemented collared stem and a short, collared stem with the same design. A clinical study assessing the clinical outcomes and the bone remodelling with a collared short stem would be interesting to confirm these first promising results.

Keywords

total hip arthroplasty, short stem, uncemented stem, finite element analysis, stress repartition

Link to Publisher Version (URL)

10.1051/sicotj/2021061

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