Article Title

An electronic decision support-based complex intervention to improve management of cardiovascular risk in primary health care: A cluster randomised trial (INTEGRATE)


Objectives: To determine whether a multifaceted primary health care intervention better controlled cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in patients with high risk of CVD than usual care.

Design, setting: Parallel arm, cluster randomised trial in 71 Australian general practices, 5 December 2016 – 13 September 2019.

Participants: General practices that predominantly used an electronic medical record system compatible with the HealthTracker electronic decision support tool, and willing to implement all components of the INTEGRATE intervention.

Intervention: Electronic point-of-care decision support for general practices; combination cardiovascular medications (polypills); and a pharmacy-based medication adherence program.

Main outcome measures: Proportion of patients with high CVD risk not on an optimal preventive medication regimen at baseline who had achieved both blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol goals at study end.

Results: After a median 15 months’ follow-up, primary outcome data were available for 4477 of 7165 patients in the primary outcome cohort (62%). The proportion of patients who achieved both treatment targets was similar in the intervention (423 of 2156; 19.6%) and control groups (466 of 2321; 20.1%; relative risk, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.85–1.32). Further, no statistically significant differences were found for a number of secondary outcomes, including risk factor screening, preventive medication prescribing, and risk factor levels. Use of intervention components was low; it was highest for HealthTracker, used at least once for 347 of 3236 undertreated patients with high CVD risk (10.7%).

Conclusions: Despite evidence for the efficacy of its individual components, the INTEGRATE intervention was not broadly implemented and did not improve CVD risk management in participating Australian general practices.

Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN12616000233426 (prospective).


general practice, clinical decision-making, risk factors, eHealth, pharmacy

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