Point-of-care testing of HbA1c and blood glucose in a remote Aboriginal Australian community
Martin, D. D., Shephard, M. D. S., Freeman, H., Bulsara, M. K., Jones, T. W., et al. (2005). Point-of-care testing of HbA1c and blood glucose in a remote Aboriginal Australian community. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(10), 524-527.
Objectives: To assess the accuracy of point-of-care (POC) measurements of capillary blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in a remote Aboriginal community with high diabetes prevalence.
Design: Cross-sectional study comparing POC capillary glucose and HbA1c results with those from corresponding venous samples measured in a reference laboratory.
Participants and setting: 152 residents aged 11–76 years (representing 76% of population aged over 11 years) had POC glucose measurement in November 2003; 88 with POC glucose level ≥ 5.0 mmol/L, or self-reported diabetes, had POC HbA1c and laboratory glucose and HbA1c measurements.
Main outcome measures: POC fasting capillary levels of glucose (HemoCue Glucose 201 analyser, Medipac Scientific, Sydney) and HbA1c (DCA 2000+ analyser, Bayer Australia, Melbourne); correlation and mean difference between capillary POC and venous blood laboratory measurements of glucose and HbA1c.
Results: Mean and median POC capillary glucose levels were 7.99 mmol/L and 6.25 mmol/L, respectively, while mean and median laboratory venous plasma glucose concentrations were 7.63 mmol/L and 5.35 mmol/L. Values for POC capillary HbA1c and laboratory HbA1c were identical: mean, 7.06%; and median, 6.0%. The correlation coefficient r for POC and laboratory results was 0.98 for glucose and 0.99 for HbA1c. The mean difference in results was 0.36 mmol/L for glucose (95% CI, 0.13–0.62; limits of agreement [LOA], − 2.07 to 2.79 mmol/L; P = 0.007) and < 0.01% for HbA1c (95% CI, − 0.07% to 0.07%; LOA, − 0.66% to 0.66%; P = 0.95), respectively.
Conclusions: POC capillary HbA1c testing, in particular, offers an accurate, practical, community-friendly way of monitoring diabetes in rural and remote clinical settings. POC capillary glucose results should be confirmed by a laboratory test of venous plasma if the results are likely to significantly influence clinical decisions.