Pattern and prognostic impact of regional wall motion abnormalities in 255697 men and 236641 women investigated with echocardiography


Background: Regional wall motion abnormalities (WMAs) after myocardial infarction are associated with adverse remodeling and increased mortality in the short to medium term. Their long‐term prognostic impact is less well understood.

Methods and Results: Via the National Echo Database of Australia (2000–2019), we identified normal wall motion versus WMA for each left ventricular wall among 492 338 individuals aged 61.9±17.9 years. The wall motion score index was also calculated. We then examined actual 1‐ and 5‐year mortality, plus adjusted risk of long‐term mortality according to WMA status. Overall, 39 346/255 697 men (15.4%) and 17 834/236 641 women (7.5%) had a WMA. The likelihood of a WMA was associated with increasing age and greater systolic/diastolic dysfunction. A defect in the inferior versus anterior wall was the most and least common WMA in men (8.0% and 2.5%) and women (3.3% and 1.1%), respectively. Any WMA increased 5‐year mortality from 17.5% to 29.7% in men and from 14.9% to 30.8% in women. Known myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR], 0.86 [95% CI, 0.80–0.93]) or revascularization (HR, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.82–0.92]) was independently associated with a better prognosis, whereas men (1.22‐fold increase) and those with greater systolic/diastolic dysfunction had a worse prognosis. Among those with any WMA, apical (HR, 1.08 [95% CI, 1.02–1.13]) or inferior (HR, 1.09 [95% CI, 1.04–1.15]) akinesis, dyskinesis or aneurysm, or a wall motion score index >3.0 conveyed the worst prognosis.

Conclusions: In a large real‐world clinical cohort, twice as many men as women have a WMA, with inferior WMA the most common. Any WMA confers a poor prognosis, especially inferoapical akinesis/dyskinesis/aneurysm.


cohort, mortality, wall motion abnormality

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