Falls prevention in older adults: Assessment and management
Waldron, N., Hill, A., & Barker, A. (2012). Falls prevention in older adults: Assessment and management. Australian Family Physician, 41 (12), 930-935.
Falls increase with age, with substantial patient harm resulting in high healthcare utilisation. High level evidence exists for a range of effective falls prevention strategies. Objective: To provide an evidence based update of falls prevention recommendations, applicable to the primary care setting. Discussion: For older adults in the community, exercise programs and vitamin D supplementation in those with deficiency are highly effective in preventing falls. Psychoactive drug withdrawal, home visits, vision optimisation and a multifactorial approach are also effective. In residential aged care, routine vitamin D supplementation is highly effective in preventing falls and fractures. General practitioners are well placed to identify those at risk of falls and implement prevention strategies utilising other healthcare professionals as required. The general practitioner's role in educating and supporting patient behaviour change is critical to the uptake of falls prevention recommendations.
Peer-reviewed, Falls prevention, elderly, vitamin D, old age, injury prevention