Iran and the emergence of information and communications technology: the evolution of revolution?
Baldino, D., & Goold, J. (2014). Iran and the emergence of information and communications technology: the evolution of revolution?. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 68 (1), 17-35.
This study examines the emergence of information and communications technology (ICT) in facilitating political protest in the Middle East, with a focus on the Iranian experience. With the rise of ‘emancipating technology’ to mobilise popular support, many had hoped that the incumbent regime in Iran would be steered towards a more democratic and less authoritarian path. At the same time, the Iranian regime itself has shown an increasingly sophisticated technical nous, constructing a centralised censorship network and using available technology to proliferate propaganda and control and subdue cyber-protest. As such, ICT has acted as a complex dual-edged sword in both mutually supporting and suppressing political activism in modern-day Iran.
cyber-activism, democracy, Internet, Iran