The aim of this analysis is to explore the governance frameworks and associated privacy and interrelated risks that stem from bilateral security arrangements such as the Australia–Israel intelligence relationship. In an era of expanding globalisation of intelligence, targeted oversight advances that are adaptive to global trends may serve to mitigate the potential costs and downsides of transnational intelligence exchange while respecting the privacy, rights and liberties of citizens and ensuring that sovereignty, human rights standards and rule of law remain protected.


bilateral security arrangements, Australia-Israel intelligence relationship, privacy, citizen’s rights, sovereignty, human rights standards, rule of law

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