O'Connell, N. E., Cossar, J., Marston, L., Wand, B. M., Bunce, D., De Souza, L. H., Maskill, D. W., Sharp, A., & Moseley, G. (2011). Transcranial direct current stimulation of the motor cortex in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain. A randomised, double-blind exploratory study. World Physical Therapy 2011.
This exploratory study aimed to test the proof of principle that active anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the motor cortex reduces pain significantly more than sham stimulation in a group of participants with chronic non-specific low back pain.