Outcomes of acutely ill older hospitalized patients following implementation of tailored models of care: A repeated measures (pre- and post-intervention) design
Chang, E., Hancock, K., Hickman, L., Glasson, J., & Davidson, P. (2007). Outcomes of acutely ill older hospitalized patients following implementation of tailored models of care: A repeated measures (pre- and post-intervention) design. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(7), 1079-1092. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.04.017
Background: There is a lack of research investigating models of nursing care for older hospitalised patients that address the nursing needs of this group.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of models of care for acutely older patients tailored to two contexts: an aged care specific ward and a medical ward.
Design: This is a repeated measures design. Efficacy of the models was evaluated in terms of: patient and nurses’ satisfaction with care provided; increased activities of daily living; reduced unplanned hospital readmissions; and medication knowledge.
Settings: An aged care specific ward and a medical ward in two Sydney teaching hospitals.
Participants: There were two groups of patients aged 65 years or older who were admitted to hospital for an acute illness: those admitted prior to model implementation (n=232) and those admitted during model implementation (n=116). Patients with moderate or severe dementia were excluded. The two groups of nurses were the pre-model group (n=90) who were working on the medical and aged care wards for the study prior to model implementation, and the post-model group (n=22), who were the nurses working on the wards during model implementation.
Methods: Action research was used to develop the models of care in two wards: one for an aged care specific ward and another for a general medical ward where older patients were admitted. The models developed were based on empirical data gathered in an earlier phase of this study.
Results: The models were successful in both wards in terms of increasing satisfaction levels in patients and nurses (p<0.001), increasing functional independence as measured by activities of daily living (p<0.01), and increasing medication knowledge (p<0.001).
Conclusions: Findings indicate that models of care developed by nurses using an evidence-based action research strategy can enhance both satisfaction and health outcomes in older patients.
peer-reviewed, models of care, older patient, nursing care, health outcomes, satisfaction with care, action research