Differential associations between body mass index and outcomes after elective adult cardiac surgery: A linked data cohort study
Ho, K. M., Bertenshaw, C., Same, S., Schneider, M., Williams, K. A., Godsell, T., & Hird, K. M. (2013). Differential associations between body mass index and outcomes after elective adult cardiac surgery: A linked data cohort study. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, 41 (5), 573-583.
This study assessed the relationships between body mass index (BMI) and different outcomes after adult cardiac surgery by linking detailed preoperative comorbidity data with the long-term mortality and morbidity outcomes of 2131 consecutive patients who had elective cardiac surgery at a major cardiac surgical hospital in Western Australia. Patients with a high BMI had more comorbidities and were more likely to have had coronary artery bypass grafting than valve surgery. A total of 143 patients (6.7%) died during a median follow-up period of 30 months. The major causes of death were congestive heart failure (25.9%), myocardial infarction (14.7%), infection (23.8%) and cancer (13.9%). BMI had no association with long-term mortality, after adjusting for important confounders including the Charlson Comorbidity Index. BMI had a relatively linear relationship with the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (odds ratio 1.05 per point increment, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.05) and venous thromboembolism (odds ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.14 to 1.26). BMI was the second most important predictor after age and accounted for 22% of the variability in the risk of atrial fibrillation. BMI had an inverse relationship with the risk of requiring allogeneic blood transfusion, postoperative intraaortic balloon pump, or surgical re-exploration. In summary, BMI had differential associations with different short- and long-term outcomes after elective adult cardiac surgery. After adjusting for important confounders including the presence of cancers, we did not observe any ‘obesity paradox’ and patients with a high BMI were not associated with an increased probability of long-term survival.
complications, haemorrhage, obesity, surgery, thrombosis