Article Title

Exogenous metallothionein-IIA promotes accelerated healing after a burn wound

Abstract

Severe injury to the epidermal barrier often results in scarring and life-long functional deficits, the outcome worsening with a number of factors including time taken to heal. We have investigated the potential of exogenous metallothionein IIA (Zn7-MT-IIA), a naturally occurring small cysteine-rich protein, to accelerate healing of burn wounds in a mouse model. Endogenous MT-I/II expression increased in basal keratinocytes concurrent with reepithelialization after a burn injury, indicating a role for MT-I/II in wound healing. In vitro assays of a human keratinocyte cell line indicated that, compared with saline controls, exogenous Zn7-MT-IIA significantly increased cell viability by up to 30% (p<0.05), decreased apoptosis by 13% (p<0.05) and promoted keratinocyte migration by up to 14% (p<0.05), all properties that may be desirable to promote rapid wound repair. Further in vitro assays using immortalized and primary fibroblasts indicated that Zn7-MT-IIA did not affect fibroblast motility or contraction (p>0.05). Topical administration of exogenous Zn7-MT-IIA (2 μg/mL) in vivo, immediately postburn accelerated healing, promoted faster reepithelialization (3 days: phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), 8.9±0.3 mm diameter vs. MT-I/II, 7.1±0.7 mm; 7 days: PBS 5.8±0.98 mm vs. MT-I/II, 3.6±1.0 mm, p<0.05) and reduced epidermal thickness (MT-I/II: 45±4 μm vs. PBS: 101±19 μm, p<0.05) compared with controls. Our data suggest that exogenous Zn7-MT-IIA may prove a valuable therapeutic for patients with burns and other skin injuries

Keywords

peer-reviewed

 

Link to Publisher Version (DOI)

http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-475X.2008.00418.x