Complex non-invasive fibrosis models are more accurate than simple models in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Background and Aim: Significant hepatic fibrosis is prognostic of liver morbidity and mortality in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), however it remains unclear whether non-invasive fibrosis models can determine this end-point. We therefore compared the accuracy of simple bed-side versus complex fibrosis models across a range of fibrosis in a multi-centre NAFLD cohort.
Methods: Simple (APRI, BARD) and complex (Hepascore, Fibrotest, FIB4) fibrosis models were calculated in 242 NAFLD subjects undergoing liver biopsy. Significant (F2-4) and advanced fibrosis (F3,4) were defined using Kleiner criteria. Models were compared using area under the receiver operator characteristic curves (AUC). Cut-offs were determined by Youden Index or 90% predictive values.
Results: For significant fibrosis, non-invasive fibrosis models had modest accuracy (AUC 0.707-0.743) with BARD being least accurate (AUC 0.609, p < 0.05 versus others). Using single cut-offs, sensitivities and predictive values were <80%; using two cut-offs, >75% of subjects fell within indeterminate ranges. Simple models had significantly more subjects within indeterminate ranges than complex models (99.1-100% vs. 82.1-84.4% respectively, p < 0.05 for all). For advanced fibrosis, complex models were more accurate than BARD (AUC 0.802-0.858 vs. 0.701, p < 0.05). Using two cut-offs, complex models had fewer individuals within indeterminate ranges than BARD (11.1%-32.3% vs. 70.7%, p < 0.01 for all). For cirrhosis, complex models had higher AUC values than simple models.
Conclusions: In NAFLD subjects, non-invasive models have modest accuracy for determining significant fibrosis and have predictive values less than 90% in the majority of subjects. Complex models are more accurate than simple bed-side models across a range of fibrosis.
Adams, L. A., George, J., Bugianesi, E., Rossi, E., De Boer, B., van der Poorten, D., et al. (2011). Complex non-invasive fibrosis models are more accurate than simple models in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Accepted article. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2011.06774.x