Increase in circadian variation after continuous-flow ventricular assist device implantation
The circadian rhythm of varying blood pressure and heart rate is attenuated or absent in patients with severe heart failure. In 28 patients supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) for at least 30 days, a restoration of the circadian rhythm was demonstrated by a consistent nocturnal decrease, and then increase, of the LVAD flow while at a constant LVAD speed. The return of the circadian rhythm has implications for cardiac recovery, and the observation indicates that the continuous-flow LVAD has an intrinsic automatic response to physiologic demands.
Slaughter, M. S., Ising, M. S., Tamez, D., O'Driscoll, G., Voskoboynikov, N., Bartoli, C. R., (2010). Increase in circadian variation after continuous-flow ventricular assist device implantation. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 29(6), 695-697. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2009.12.006