Magnetic resonance imaging in traumatic posterior hip dislocation
Tannast, M., Pleus, F., Bonel, H., Galloway, H., Siebenrock, A., & Anderson, S. E. (2010). Magnetic resonance imaging in traumatic posterior hip dislocation. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 24(12), 723-731. doi:10.1097/BOT.0b013e3181d76918
Objectives: The objective was to report the ability of a magnetic resonance image to document the integrity of the obturator externus tendon after posterior hip dislocation as a potential predictor for preserved femoral head vascularity.
Design: Retrospective radiographic and clinical pilot study.
Setting: Level I trauma center.
Patients/Participants: Nineteen consecutive patients with traumatic posterior hip dislocation.
Outcome Evaluation: Intraoperative correlation of soft tissue damage and radiographic assessment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head 3 years postinjury.
Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging performed in the acute phase of posterior hip dislocation. Correlation with intraoperative findings during surgical hip dislocation and with avascular necrosis 3 years postinjury.
Results: The obturator externus tendon was intact in all cases with preserved femoral head vascularity. After a 3-year follow up, there were no cases of avascular necrosis.
Conclusion: In this small series of patients, posterior hip dislocation did not imply a tear of the obturator externus muscle. An intact obturator externus tendon suggests preservation of the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery to the femoral head.