Hepatocellular carcinoma: Prevalence and molecular pathogenesis of Helicobacter spp
Tu, Q. V., Okoli, A. S., Kovach, Z., & Mendz, G. L. (2009). Hepatocellular carcinoma: Prevalence and molecular pathogenesis of Helicobacter spp. Future Microbiology, 4(10), 1283-1301. doi:10.2217/fmb.09.90
Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the most common chronic bacterial infections in humans. The association of other Helicobacter spp. with extragastric diseases in animals is well established, and a role of these bacteria in human liver disease is becoming clearer. Several case–control studies have reported possible associations of Helicobacter spp. with various liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, which is the fifth most common type of carcinoma among men worldwide, and the eighth most common among women. Thus, it is important to understand molecular mechanisms that may lead to hepatotoxicity or hepatocellular dysfunction in which Helicobacter spp. may play a role in inducing malignant transformation of liver cells.