Addressing Juvenile Crime by Fixing the Dysfunctional Family
My comments in this paper will be directed primarily to the role of the family in preventing crime and, in particular, the families of children who are at risk of offending. Our criminal justice system focuses on the criminal liability and punishment of the individual offender after an offence has been committed. The nature of relationships within an offender’s family, the structure of the family and the behaviour of an offender’s parents have a significant effect on the offender’s personal development and can be one of the primary causes of the offender commencing and pursuing a criminal ‘career’. Considerable work has been done with offenders in the fields of sociology, psychology and criminology in an attempt to identify risk factors or indicators that a child is at risk of commencing a criminal ‘career’. Much of that work traces the origins of crime back to the offender’s family environment.
Malcolm, D. K. (2007). Addressing juvenile crime by fixing the dysfunctional family. The University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review, 9, 19-45.