Deforestation in the Philippines: a different perspective
This paper provides a different perspective on examining deforestation in the Philippines. The traditional view is that population growth and poverty are the main causes of deforestation. Given the fact that deforestation is a complex process, these factors might have contributed to the problem with deforestation in the late 1980s. However, the massive forest exploitation and excessive annual allowable cuts, which went on for at least 50 years, would have had significant implications for the process of deforestation in the Philippines, coupled with weak reforestation efforts.
Stenberg, L. C., & Siriwardana, M. (2002). Deforestation in the Philippines: A different perspective. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(4), 415-432. doi: 10.1504/IJSD.2002.003761