Does Character Moderate Or Mediate The Relationship Between Temperament & Job Performance?
The purpose of this research was to compare a number of plausible models of the relationship between personality and workplace behaviour. Specifically, we focussed on Cloninger’s biological and cognitive dimensions of personality, and assessed whether cognitive dimensions mediate or moderate the relationship between biological dimensions and workplace behaviour. A sample of 128 workers and their supervisors participated in this study. Personality was measured using self-report questionnaires, and job performance was measured using supervisor ratings. Results tended to support the mediated models, with Self Directedness and Cooperativeness emerging as significant mediators of temperament in the prediction of job performance. Support was not found for the moderated models. Results suggest that biological dimensions of personality indirectly impact job performance, via their relationship with cognitive dimensions of personality. The importance of temperament and character in the workplace is discussed.
O’Connor, P. J., & Jackson, C. J. (2008). Does character moderate or mediate the relationship between temperament and job performance?. In S. Boag (Ed). Personality down under: Perspectives from Australia (pp. 113-122). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.